PREVALENCE of MENTAL DISORDER and ASSOCIATED FACTORS in CIVILIAN GUATEMALANS WITH DISABILITIES CAUSED BY the INTERNAL ARMED CONFLICT

PREVALENCE of MENTAL DISORDER and ASSOCIATED FACTORS in CIVILIAN GUATEMALANS WITH DISABILITIES CAUSED BY the INTERNAL ARMED CONFLICT

Autor Rivera, Walter Herrera Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mari, Jair de Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andreoli, Sergio Baxter Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Quintana, Maria Ines Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
De Toledo Ferraz, Marcos Pacheco Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Background: the 34-year-long, Guatemalan war left at least 1,841 persons disabled in the country. the aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of mental disorders in individuals who acquired their disability as a result of the war, and to identify probable risk factors.Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted of a group of 99 civilians with a disability in Guatemala. Participants were selected from four civilian organizations serving disabled persons in the municipality of Nebaj, Quiche. the diagnostic instrument was the computerized version of the Composite International Diagnostic Instrument 2.1 (CIDI 2.1). Data were collected from 2002 to 2004.Results: of the 99 disabled persons who completed the interview, 44 had some type of lifetime psychiatric disorder. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was the most prevalent, with 34.34% (34 cases), followed by dysthymia, with 10.10% (10 cases), and depression, with 6.06% (6 cases).Conclusion: the traumatic events experienced during the conflict caused long-term psychological sequelae in people who were disabled as a result of the war. Increased exposure to traumatic events, being married, physical disability, illiteracy and advanced age were identified as probable risk factors for mental disorders.
Palavra-chave disability
Guatemala
mental disorders
prevalence
risk factors
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2008-09-01
Publicado em International Journal of Social Psychiatry. London: Sage Publications Ltd, v. 54, n. 5, p. 414-424, 2008.
ISSN 0020-7640 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Sage Publications Ltd
Extensão 414-424
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020764008090445
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000260079900005
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30900

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