A prevalence study of current tobacco smoking in later life community and its association with sociodemographic factors, physical health and mental health status

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dc.contributor.author Marinho, Valeska
dc.contributor.author Blay, Sergio Luis [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Andreoli, Sergio Baxter [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Gastal, Fabio
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-24T13:51:25Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-24T13:51:25Z
dc.date.issued 2008-06-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-008-0338-9
dc.identifier.citation Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. Darmstadt: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, v. 43, n. 6, p. 490-497, 2008.
dc.identifier.issn 0933-7954
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30686
dc.description.abstract Objective Evaluate the frequency of current smoking in elderly people living in urban areas of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods Cross-sectional design. A representative sample of 6,961 elderly, randomly selected subjects, living in a community, was examined to estimate the frequency of current tobacco smoking. Tobacco use was measured by means of a household questionnaire administered by trained interviewers that inquired about current tobacco use, sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated physical and health status. Mental health was evaluated using the Short Psychiatric Evaluation Schedule (SPES). Results the prevalence of tobacco use was 28.9% among men, 13.6% among women and 18.8% for both sexes. Male gender (OR = 3.25), low income (OR = 1.52), years of schooling (illiterate) (OR = 1.35), non-Protestant religion (OR = 2.17) and absence of physical exercise (OR = 1.21) presented positive and independent association with tobacco use. Presence of pulmonary disease (OR = 1.93) and mental distress (OR = 1.32) and absence of cardiac disease (OR = 1.51), high blood pressure (OR = 1.51) and diabetes (OR = 1.50) were independently associated with an increased chance of current tobacco use. Increasing age (OR = 0.93) and marital status (married) (OR = 0.66) presented independent and negative association with smoking. Conclusion Factors associated with an increased chance of tobacco smoking were: being men, illiterate, with lower income, presence of respiratory and mental disease, and absence of cardiac disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. Factors associated with a decreased risk of tobacco smoking were: aging, exercise, Protestant religion and marriage. en
dc.format.extent 490-497
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
dc.relation.ispartof Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.title A prevalence study of current tobacco smoking in later life community and its association with sociodemographic factors, physical health and mental health status en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
dc.contributor.institution Eli Lilly & Co
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
dc.contributor.institution UNIMED
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Inst Psychiat IPUB, Ctr Alzheimer Dis & Related Disorders CDA, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Eli Lilly & Co, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Psychiat, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Sch Med, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation UNIMED, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, UNIFESP, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Psychiat, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s00127-008-0338-9
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000256477400010



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