A prevalence study of current tobacco smoking in later life community and its association with sociodemographic factors, physical health and mental health status

A prevalence study of current tobacco smoking in later life community and its association with sociodemographic factors, physical health and mental health status

Autor Marinho, Valeska Google Scholar
Blay, Sergio Luis Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Andreoli, Sergio Baxter Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gastal, Fabio Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)
Eli Lilly & Co
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG)
UNIMED
Resumo Objective Evaluate the frequency of current smoking in elderly people living in urban areas of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Methods Cross-sectional design. A representative sample of 6,961 elderly, randomly selected subjects, living in a community, was examined to estimate the frequency of current tobacco smoking. Tobacco use was measured by means of a household questionnaire administered by trained interviewers that inquired about current tobacco use, sociodemographic characteristics, self-rated physical and health status. Mental health was evaluated using the Short Psychiatric Evaluation Schedule (SPES). Results the prevalence of tobacco use was 28.9% among men, 13.6% among women and 18.8% for both sexes. Male gender (OR = 3.25), low income (OR = 1.52), years of schooling (illiterate) (OR = 1.35), non-Protestant religion (OR = 2.17) and absence of physical exercise (OR = 1.21) presented positive and independent association with tobacco use. Presence of pulmonary disease (OR = 1.93) and mental distress (OR = 1.32) and absence of cardiac disease (OR = 1.51), high blood pressure (OR = 1.51) and diabetes (OR = 1.50) were independently associated with an increased chance of current tobacco use. Increasing age (OR = 0.93) and marital status (married) (OR = 0.66) presented independent and negative association with smoking. Conclusion Factors associated with an increased chance of tobacco smoking were: being men, illiterate, with lower income, presence of respiratory and mental disease, and absence of cardiac disease, high blood pressure and diabetes. Factors associated with a decreased risk of tobacco smoking were: aging, exercise, Protestant religion and marriage.
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2008-06-01
Publicado em Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. Darmstadt: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, v. 43, n. 6, p. 490-497, 2008.
ISSN 0933-7954 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Extensão 490-497
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-008-0338-9
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000256477400010
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30686

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