A Comparative Study of Performance in the Conners' Continuous Performance Test Between Brazilian and North American Children

A Comparative Study of Performance in the Conners' Continuous Performance Test Between Brazilian and North American Children

Author Miranda, Monica Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sinnes, Elaine Girao Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pompeia, Sabine Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Amodeo Bueno, Orlando Francisco Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The present study investigated the performance of Brazilian children in the Continuous Performance Test, CPT-II, and compared results to those of the norms obtained in the United States. Method: the U. S. norms were compared to those of a Brazilian sample composed of 6- to 11-year-olds separated into 4 age-groups (half boys) that represented the socioeconomic class distribution of São Paulo City. the children were prescreened for attention deficit disorders (ADHD). Results: Age and gender effects in the Brazilian sample were similar to those previously described. However, the Brazilian sample showed better performance in almost all measures in all age-groups compared to that of the United States. Conclusion: It is discussed that differences between samples probably reflect lack of ADHD screening of the U. S. children. More studies are necessary to determine if the CPT-II is a cross-cultural test with participants from different samples matched for age, gender, and socioeconomic status screened for ADHD. (J. of Att. Dis. 2008; 11(5) 588-598)
Keywords Continuous Perfomance Test
child development
attention
comparative study
cultural differences
ADHD
cross-cultural
Language English
Sponsor Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
AFIP (Associacao Fundo de Incentivo a Psicofarmacologia)
Department of Psychobiology, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP), Brasil
Grant number FAPESP: 02/09395-3
Date 2008-03-01
Published in Journal of Attention Disorders. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc, v. 11, n. 5, p. 588-598, 2008.
ISSN 1087-0547 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Sage Publications Inc
Extent 588-598
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1087054707299412
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000207520500009
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30526

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