Body fat distribution in stunted compared with normal-height children from the shantytowns of São Paulo, Brazil

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dc.contributor.author Hoffman, Daniel J.
dc.contributor.author Martins, Paula Andrea [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Roberts, Susan B.
dc.contributor.author Sawaya, Ana Lydia [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2016-01-24T13:49:03Z
dc.date.available 2016-01-24T13:49:03Z
dc.date.issued 2007-09-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2007.06.006
dc.identifier.citation Nutrition. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 23, n. 9, p. 640-646, 2007.
dc.identifier.issn 0899-9007
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30014
dc.description.abstract Objective: the objective of this study was to determine whether central fat distribution varies between children who were growth retarded as young children and normal-height children from the same impoverished communities of Sdo Paulo, Brazil.Methods: A prospective study of 50 stunted and normal-height children in Sdo Paulo, Brazil was conducted in which children were measured for changes in fat mass (FM) and fat distribution (using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and anthropometry) and Tanner stage over a 4-y period. Statistical analyses included multiple linear regression to control for confounding factors and Student's t test was used to estimate group differences.Results: At follow-up, stunted children were shorter, weighed less, and had less total FM compared with control children. There were no differences between the two groups with respect to percent FM or percent truncal FM (%TrFM). Linear regression analyses were used to determine that stunted children had 1) increased TrFM (independent of FM); 2) increased %TrFM (independent of FM, gender, and Tanner stage), and 3) a borderline significantly greater change in TrFM (independent of FM, gender, and Tanner stage).Conclusion: Stunted children are more likely to deposit fat centrally when entering puberty, a significant risk factor for chronic diseases. Our results may explain part of the association between early growth retardation and later risk for metabolic diseases. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. en
dc.format.extent 640-646
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V.
dc.relation.ispartof Nutrition
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.subject fat distribution en
dc.subject stunting en
dc.subject transitional countries en
dc.subject chronic disease en
dc.title Body fat distribution in stunted compared with normal-height children from the shantytowns of São Paulo, Brazil en
dc.type Artigo
dc.rights.license http://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/open-access-policies/article-posting-policy
dc.contributor.institution Rutgers State Univ
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Tufts Univ
dc.description.affiliation Rutgers State Univ, Dept Nutr Sci, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 USA
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Endocrine Physiol, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Tufts Univ, USDA, Human Nutr Res Ctr Aging, Friedman Sch Nutr Sci & Policy,Energy Metab Lab, Boston, MA 02111 USA
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Endocrine Physiol, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.nut.2007.06.006
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000248666700003



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