Water balance in the Guarani Aquifer outcrop zone based on hydrogeologic monitoring

Water balance in the Guarani Aquifer outcrop zone based on hydrogeologic monitoring

Author Wendland, E. Google Scholar
Barreto, C. Google Scholar
Gomes, L. H. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Main objective of this work was the study of the infiltration and recharge mechanisms in the Guarani Aquifer System (GAS) outcrop zone. the study was based on hydrogeologic monitoring, evapotranspiration and water balance in a pilot watershed. the pilot watershed (Ribeir $(a) over bar $o da Onca) is situated in the outcrop zone of the Guarani Aquifer between parallels 22 degrees 10' and 22 degrees 15' (south latitude) and meridians 47 degrees 55' and 48 degrees 00' (west longitude). for the execution of the research project, a monitoring network (wells, rain gauge and linigraph) was installed in the watershed. Data have been systematically collected during the period of a hydrological year. Water level fluctuation has been used to estimate deep recharge and subsurface storage variation. the method used to estimate the direct recharge adopted the hypothesis that the recession of the groundwater Level obeys a function of power law type. Direct recharge is obtained through the difference between the actual level of an unconfined aquifer and the Level indicated by extrapolation of the recession curve, in a given period. Base outflow is estimated through a mixed function (linear and exponential). Outflow in the creek has been measured with current meter and monitored continuously with a linigraph. the annual infiltration in 2005 was estimated to be 350 mm, while the deep recharge, based on water balance, appears to be 3.5% of the precipitation (1410 mm). These results indicate that the estimated tong term water availability of the Guarani Aquifer System should be studied more carefully. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords hydrogeology
groundwater
recharge
infiltration
monitoring
base flow
Language English
Date 2007-09-01
Published in Journal of Hydrology. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 342, n. 3-4, p. 261-269, 2007.
ISSN 0022-1694 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 261-269
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.05.033
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000249177200005
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/30009

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