Errors in nonword repetition: bridging short- and long-term memory

Errors in nonword repetition: bridging short- and long-term memory

Autor Santos, F.h. Google Scholar
Bueno, Orlando Francisco Amodeo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gathercole, S.e. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
University of Durham Department of Psychology
Resumo According to the working memory model, the phonological loop is the component of working memory specialized in processing and manipulating limited amounts of speech-based information. The Children's Test of Nonword Repetition (CNRep) is a suitable measure of phonological short-term memory for English-speaking children, which was validated by the Brazilian Children's Test of Pseudoword Repetition (BCPR) as a Portuguese-language version. The objectives of the present study were: i) to investigate developmental aspects of the phonological memory processing by error analysis in the nonword repetition task, and ii) to examine phoneme (substitution, omission and addition) and order (migration) errors made in the BCPR by 180 normal Brazilian children of both sexes aged 4-10, from preschool to 4th grade. The dominant error was substitution [F(3,525) = 180.47; P < 0.0001]. The performance was age-related [F(4,175) = 14.53; P < 0.0001]. The length effect, i.e., more errors in long than in short items, was observed [F(3,519) = 108.36; P < 0.0001]. In 5-syllable pseudowords, errors occurred mainly in the middle of the stimuli, before the syllabic stress [F(4,16) = 6.03; P = 0.003]; substitutions appeared more at the end of the stimuli, after the stress [F(12,48) = 2.27; P = 0.02]. In conclusion, the BCPR error analysis supports the idea that phonological loop capacity is relatively constant during development, although school learning increases the efficiency of this system. Moreover, there are indications that long-term memory contributes to holding memory trace. The findings were discussed in terms of distinctiveness, clustering and redintegration hypotheses.
Palavra-chave Children
Working memory
Phonological memory
Nonword repetition
Language acquisition
Phonological loop
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2006-03-01
Publicado em Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 39, n. 3, p. 371-385, 2006.
ISSN 0100-879X (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Extensão 371-385
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-879X2006000300008
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000236565000008
SciELO S0100-879X2006000300008 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/2966

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