HIV-1-Infected children on HAART: Immunologic features of three different levels of viral suppression

HIV-1-Infected children on HAART: Immunologic features of three different levels of viral suppression

Author Zaccarelli Filho, Carlos Alberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ono, Erika Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Machado, Daisy Maria Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Brunialti, Milena Karina Coló Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Succi, Regina Célia de Menezes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Salomão, Reinaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kallas, Esper Georges Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
De Moraes-Pinto, Maria Isabel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Background: HIV-1-infected children show changes of blood lymphocyte subpopulations. We have, therefore, investigated how highly active anti-retroviral therapy (ART) alter these subsets. Blood samples were taken from 41 HIV-1-infected children on ART who were divided into groups showing good, partial and poor responses to ART on the basis of viral load (VL) measurement in blood. the observations were compared to those seen in 20 uninfected children.Methods: the samples were studied using 4-color flow cytometry for naive, central memory and effector memory cells as well as for CD38 expression as the sign of activation within both the CD4+ and the CD8+ T cell populations. HIV-1 infected children were also evaluated for the presence and the titers of antibodies induced by vaccination against childhood infections in our patients while on HAART.Results: Lymphocyte counts were lower in the poor viral load responding (VLR) group when compared with partial and good VLRs. Poor VLRs had lower total and naive CD4+ T cell counts. HIV-1-infected children from all three groups had high CD8+ T cell counts. Central memory CD4+ and CD8+ T cell percentages were particularly low in the poor VLR group while in the poor VLR group the percentages of effector memory CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were higher when compared with the control group. Higher cellular activation of CD8+ T cells was observed in HIV-1-infected children, particularly when analyzed for the intensity of CD38 expression in the poor VLR group. CD5 expression on B cells was higher among all HIV-1-infected children. Antibodies to tetanus, diphtheria, measles, rubella, and hepatitis B were present in a large proportion of children but the titers were similarly low for all three groups of HIV-infected children.Conclusions: Children with different levels of viral response to HAART present immune phenotype characteristics that tend to place the children with partial and good virological responses into the same group. These children are still moderately deficient in their immune responses but show better recovery than seen with children in the poor VLR group. These observations indicate that the proportions of central memory cells among the CD4+ T cells and the intensity of the expression of CD38 activation antigen on CD8+ T cells provide more informative parameters for monitoring children on HAART than the absolute numbers of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells alone. (c) 2006 Clinical Cytometry Society.
Keywords HIV-infected children
antiretroviral therapy
immune reconstitution
Language English
Date 2007-01-15
Published in Cytometry Part B-clinical Cytometry. Hoboken: Wiley-liss, v. 72B, n. 1, p. 14-21, 2007.
ISSN 1552-4949 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Extent 14-21
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000243322000004

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