Visual outcomes after accommodating intraocular lens implantation

Mostrar registro simples Macsai, M. S. Padnick-Silver, L. Fontes, B. M. 2016-01-24T12:41:04Z 2016-01-24T12:41:04Z 2006-04-01
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 32, n. 4, p. 628-633, 2006.
dc.identifier.issn 0886-3350
dc.description.abstract PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the visual outcomes and accommodative amplitude in cataract patients after implantation of the Crystalens intraocular lens (100 (Eyeonics) versus standard monofocal IOLs.SETTING: Ten clinics in a nationwide multicenter study in the United States.METHODS: A multicenter comparative interventional case series with masked randomized postoperative examination of 224 eyes of 112 patients was performed by a single observer. Patients were divided into 2 groups (56 patients; 112 eyes each) depending on which IOL was implanted (Crystalens or monofocal). Accommodation was measured using 1 objective (dynamic retinoscopy) and 2 subjective methods (defocus and near point of accommodation). Visual acuity measurements were performed under the same conditions with standard visual acuity charts.RESULTS: Uncorrected monocular near vision was significantly better in the Crystalens group than in the standard monofocal group, with 101 of 112 eyes (90%) and 17 of 112 (15%), respectfully, reading J3 or better postoperatively. All 56 Crystalens patients had a binocular uncorrected near visual acuity of J3 or better compared with 16 of 56 (29%) standard monofocal patients. the mean postoperative monocular (0.85 +/- 0.30 [SD] versus 0.70 +/- 0.19, P<.01) and binocular (1.16 +/- 0.17 versus 1.01 +/- 0.14, P<.01) distance uncorrected visual acuities were also better in the Crystalens group than in the control group. All patients in the study achieved a corrected distance visual acuity of 20/20 or better. Measures of accommodation were significantly higher in Crystalens patients than in the monofocal IOL patients (dynamic retinoscopy 2.42 +/- 0.39 diopters [D] versus 0.91 +/- 0.24 D, P<.01; monocular defocus 1.74 +/- 0.48 D versus 0.75 +/- 0.25 D, P<.01; monocular near point of accommodation 9.5 +/- 3.1 inches versus 34.7 +/- 9.8 inches, P<.01). Perceived accommodation (5.79 D) was significantly greater than the measured accommodation (1.96 to 2.42 D) in Crystalens patients (paired t test, P<.01).CONCLUSIONS: the Crystalens IOL provided better uncorrected near and distance visual outcomes than standard monofocal IOLs in all analyses performed. Patients perceived a greater accommodation than measured. Understanding why this occurred could lead to valuable advances in accommodating IOL technology. en
dc.format.extent 628-633
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Elsevier B.V.
dc.relation.ispartof Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
dc.rights Acesso restrito
dc.title Visual outcomes after accommodating intraocular lens implantation en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Northwestern Univ
dc.contributor.institution Evanston NW Healthcare
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliation Northwestern Univ, Dept Ophthalmol, Chicago, IL 60611 USA
dc.description.affiliation Evanston NW Healthcare, Div Opthalmol, Evanston, IL USA
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.jcrs.2006.01.027
dc.description.source Web of Science
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000237664900026

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