A cohort study to assess the impact of depression on patients with kidney disease

A cohort study to assess the impact of depression on patients with kidney disease

Author Zimmermann, Paulo Roberto Google Scholar
Camey, Suzi Alves Google Scholar
Mari, Jair de Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Pontificia Univ Catolica Rio Grande do Sul
Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Aims: This study assessed the impact of depression on mortality and quality of life of patients with kidney disease. Material: This study was conducted at Hospital Sao Lucas of Pontificia Universidade Catolica of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil, with a cohort of 125 patients seen from 1996 to 2004. (mean follow-up = 77.6 months). Patients undergoing renal replacement therapy were asked to fill in the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). At the completion of follow-up, 72 patients were alive, and 56 answered the BDI and the Medical Outcome Study Short Form General Health Survey (SF-36) to assess quality of life, Main outcome measures were mortality and quality of life. Results: Initial analysis showed that mortality was associated with age, treatment modality-continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) or hemodialysis (hd)-and depression. When controlling for age, gender, depression, and treatment modality in a multiple regression analysis, transplantation (tx), gender and age was associated with lower mortality. However, levels of depression at the end of follow-up were strongly associated with quality of life. Conclusions: Depression was not associated with mortality of Patients with kidney disease when controlling for gender, age, and treatment: modality. Transplantation was the main factor associated with lower mortality. Depression was, however, a strong predictor of quality of life. Number of depressive symptoms was directly associated with lower quality of life in most of the items of the SF-36.
Keywords renal replacement therapy
cohort studies
depressive disorders
quality of life
mortality
Language English
Date 2006-01-01
Published in International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine. Amityville: Baywood Publ Co Inc, v. 36, n. 4, p. 457-468, 2006.
ISSN 0091-2174 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Baywood Publ Co Inc
Extent 457-468
Origin http://ijp.sagepub.com/content/36/4/457.abstract
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000245248900007
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/28687

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