Epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a review

Epidemiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder: a review

Autor Torres, Albina Rodrigues Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lima, Maria Cristina Pereira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Epidemiological surveys are important because clinical samples are subject of several selection biases. Sociodemographic factors and clinical aspects of the morbid condition itself influence help seeking behaviors. Due to the egodystonic nature of obsessive-compulsive disorder, sufferers tend to hide their symptoms and avoid or delay treatment seeking. However most of our current knowledge about obsessive-compulsive disorder is based on clinical samples, which do not represent the totality of cases. A conventional Medline, PsychoInfo and Lilacs review of epidemiological studies on obsessive-compulsive disorder from 1980 to 2004 was conducted, using the following keywords: epidemiology, obsessive-compulsive disorder, populational surveys and prevalence. Studies from different countries show an average point-prevalence of 1% and lifetime prevalence of 2-2.5% for obsessive-compulsive disorder. in contrast with clinical samples, most populational samples have a predominance of females and cases with only obsessions. the frequent comorbidity with other mental disorders, particularly depression and other anxiety disorders, has also been found in cases from the community, which have an association with substances misuse as well. Many sufferers are not been treated, particularly the pure cases, Indicators of functional incapacitation show a considerable negative impact of obsessive-compulsive disorder It is necessary to increase the awareness about obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms in the community and among health professionals, in order to increase help seeking, as well as the proper identification and treatment of this rather serious medical condition.
Assunto obsessive-compulsive disorder/epidemiology
obsessive-compulsive disorder/psychology
morbidity survey
health services accessibility
Idioma Português
Data 2005-09-01
Publicado em Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. São Paulo: Associacao Brasileira de Psiquiatria, v. 27, n. 3, p. 237-242, 2005.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Associacao Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Extensão 237-242
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-44462005000300015
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Resenha
Web of Science WOS:000232534100016
SciELO S1516-44462005000300015 (estatísticas na SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/28439

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