Lower resting metabolic rate and higher velocity of weight gain in a prospective study of stunted vs nonstunted girls living in the shantytowns of São Paulo, Brazil

Lower resting metabolic rate and higher velocity of weight gain in a prospective study of stunted vs nonstunted girls living in the shantytowns of São Paulo, Brazil

Author Grillo, Luciane Peter Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Siqueira, AFA Google Scholar
Silva, A. C. Google Scholar
Martins, P. A. Google Scholar
Verreschi, Ieda Therezinha do Nascimento Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Sawaya, Ana Lydia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Univ Vale Itajai
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Objective: Previous studies have shown that stunting increases the risk of obesity in developing countries, particularly among girls and women, but the underlying reasons are not known. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between stunting, weight gain, and resting metabolic rate.Design and subjects: A prospective study was conducted over 36 months with girls from shantytowns in São Paulo, Brazil. A total of 15 stunted girls ( S) were compared with 15 nonstunted (N) ones of similar weight for height ratio. Interventions: Resting metabolic rate was measured using indirect calorimetry, and the socioeconomic status was determined by interviews in the household. in addition, body composition was measured by skinfold thickness, while the growth rate was calculated dividing the change in weight and the change in height by the follow-up period.Results: the results of the present study, when combined, revealed that the S group had a lower resting metabolic rate throughout the follow-up period with the differences being significant at 24 and 36 months of follow-up, associated with an increase in the rate of weight gain and a decrease in lean mass, when compared to the N group.Conclusions: These changes are known to be risk factors for obesity and may help to explain the particularly higher prevalence of obesity in women in urban areas of developing countries.
Keywords stunting
resting metabolic rate
obesity
developing countries
children
Brazil
Language English
Date 2005-07-01
Published in European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. London: Nature Publishing Group, v. 59, n. 7, p. 835-842, 2005.
ISSN 0954-3007 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Extent 835-842
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602150
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000230248000004
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/28353

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