Active spleno-femoral shunt avoids splanchnic congestion during portal triad occlusion: An experimental study

Active spleno-femoral shunt avoids splanchnic congestion during portal triad occlusion: An experimental study

Autor Ribeiro, E. A. Google Scholar
Cruz, R. J. Google Scholar
Figueiredo, LFP de Google Scholar
Rojas, O. Google Scholar
Silva, MRE Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Portal triad occlusion (PTO) is often performed during hepatic resections for trauma or malignancies to minimize intraoperative blood loss. the pringle maneuver is also regularly required during liver transplantation. This maneuver leads to temporary hepatic ischemia and may be associated with splanchnic blood flow congestion, promoting undesirable hemodynamic disturbances in some patients. Veno-venous bypass is a useful, easily performed technique that may avoid those deleterious hemodynamic effects of PTO. We tested the hypothesis that an active spleno-femoral shunt maintains hemodynamic stability and promotes complete decompression of the mesenteric bed, avoiding intestinal mucosal blood congestion, during PTO.Methods. Seven dogs (17.2 +/- 0.9 kg) were subjected to 45 minutes of hepatic ischemia during which there was an active spleno- femoral shunt. Systemic hemodynamics were evaluated through Swan-Ganz and arterial catheters. Splanchnic perfusion was assessed by portal vein blood flow and hepatic artery blood flow (PVBF and HABF, ultrasonic flowprobe), intestinal mucosal-arterial pCO(2) gradient (D(t-a)pCO(2), tonometry), and regional O-2-derived variables.Results. No significant changes in systemic and regional parameters were observed during the ischernia period. During reperfusion, a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure, PVBF, and arterial pH was observed. A significant increase in ALT and D(t-a)pCO(2) (4.8 +/- 2.5 to 18.9 +/- 3 mm Hg) was also observed following hepatic blood flow restoration.Conclusion. Spleno-femoral shunt maintains systemic hemodynamic stability, with an effective decompression of the splanchnic bed during portal triad occlusion. the deleterious hemodynamic and metabolic effects observed during reperfusion period, such as transitory hypotension, high D(t-a)pCO(2), and acidemia, were associated with an isolated hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury, not with the blood congestion in the splanchnic bed.
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2005-06-01
Publicado em Transplantation Proceedings. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 37, n. 5, p. 2347-2350, 2005.
ISSN 0041-1345 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Elsevier B.V.
Extensão 2347-2350
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2005.03.099
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000230024800096
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/28330

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