Basal energy expenditure and diet-induced modifications to thermogenesis in short bowel syndrome

Basal energy expenditure and diet-induced modifications to thermogenesis in short bowel syndrome

Autor Justino, SR Google Scholar
Dias, MCG Google Scholar
Maculevicius, J. Google Scholar
Colugnati, FAB Google Scholar
Sing, T. C. Google Scholar
Halpern, A. Google Scholar
Gama-Rodrigues, J. Google Scholar
Waitzberg, D. L. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Fed Univ Parana
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Background & aim: the influence of food intake on diet-induced thermogenesis, in the absence of parenteral nutrition, has not been assessed in short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients. We studied basal energy expenditure (BEE) and diet-induced thermogenesis in SBS patients (n = 8) and paired healthy adult volunteer controls (n = 8).Methods: Energy expenditure was measured by indirect calorimetry (IC) before and after control diet intake. All study participants received oral control diet randomly given in 3 doses (A = 1.0, B = 1.5 and C = 2.0) x 1/6 of BEE calories. Bioelectric impedance was assessed. Pairing criteria for controls were: age, sex, body mass index.Results: No significant differences were found between SBS and paired healthy control groups in relation to absolute BEE (P = 0.146) and when it was adjusted for body mass index, lean and fat body mass (P = 0.861, 0.208 and 0.574, respectively). All diets promoted thermogenesis in both groups. the interaction between the control diet (A, B and C) and SBS and healthy control groups for diet induced thermogenesis presented a significant difference (P = 0.026). When comparing groups (SBS vs healthy controls) in relation to the control diet (B and C) we observed: P = 0.030 and 0.004, respectively.Conclusion: in patients with SBS it was observed that: (1) BEE measured by IC in absolute values or adjusted by lean body mass is similar to healthy control group; (2) Diet-induced thermogenesis was lower than the healthy control group for higher caloric diets (B and C). (C) 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Assunto short bowel syndrome
basal energy expenditure
diet-induced thermogenesis
indirect calorimetry
energy metabolism
thermic effect of diet
Idioma Inglês
Data 2005-02-01
Publicado em Clinical Nutrition. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, v. 24, n. 1, p. 38-46, 2005.
ISSN 0261-5614 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Churchill Livingstone
Extensão 38-46
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000227023800005

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