Community perception of mental disorders - A systematic review of Latin American and Caribbean studies

Community perception of mental disorders - A systematic review of Latin American and Caribbean studies

Autor Peluso, E. D. Google Scholar
Blay, S. L. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Background Little is known about the perception of mental disorders and stigma in developing countries. the aim of this study was to review the literature on popular perception of mental disorders in Latin America and the Caribbean. Methods Electronic search was made on Medline and Lilacs for original articles published from January 1980 to December 2001, using public attitudes and mental disorders as key words on Medline and attitudes about health as well as stigma as key words on Lilacs. in addition, a manual search was conducted in the references of the articles obtained in the electronic search and in area periodicals. Results the search produced 871 articles, ten of which fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Attitudes in relation to the mentally ill are predominantly positive, especially among individuals with a higher educational or socioeconomic level. Schizophrenia is the condition most often identified as mental illness and considered the most serious affliction. Depression and alcoholism are identified as mental illnesses by a smaller portion of the population. the community mostly recommends treatment with health professionals. Conclusion in Latin America and the Caribbean, there is a tendency to share the beliefs of the western medical model and few signs of the presence of elements from traditional medicine or religion. However, the studies exhibited various methodological gaps and problems. New studies, using more appropriate methodology, should be carried out in this region.
Palavra-chave public beliefs
attitudes
mental disorders
Latin America and the Caribbean
stigma
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2004-12-01
Publicado em Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. Darmstadt: Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag, v. 39, n. 12, p. 955-961, 2004.
ISSN 0933-7954 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Dr Dietrich Steinkopff Verlag
Extensão 955-961
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00127-004-0820-y
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000226516700003
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/28033

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