Small-angle X-ray scattering and electron paramagnetic resonance study of the interaction of bovine serum albumin with ionic surfactants

Small-angle X-ray scattering and electron paramagnetic resonance study of the interaction of bovine serum albumin with ionic surfactants

Author Gelamo, E. L. Google Scholar
Itri, R. Google Scholar
Alonso, A. Google Scholar
Silva, J. V. da Google Scholar
Tabak, M. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Federal de Goiás (UFG)
Abstract Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) techniques have been used to monitor the interaction of bovine serum albumin (BSA) with ionic surfactants such as anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), zwitterionic N-hexadecyl-N,N-dimethyl-3-ammonium-1-propane sulfonate (HPS), and cationic cethyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) at pH 7.0. the SAXS results have shown that in the presence of 5 mM SDS and HPS the radius of gyration (R-g) almost does not change as compared to the BSA free-surfactant solution; its value is ca. 30 Angstrom. in the presence of 5 mM CTAC the SAXS data indicate the presence of a particle with a Rg of at least 63 A, suggesting that in this case, a kind of protein aggregation takes place. in the presence of SDS and HPS surfactants at concentrations above 10 mM, a characteristic broad peak in the region of 0.12-0.18 Angstrom(-1) indicates the presence of micelle-like aggregates in solution. the SAXS curves are consistent with the pearl necklace model, where micelle-like aggregates are randomly distributed around the polypeptide chain. EPR results using 5-DSA and 16-DSA spin labels show that in the presence of BSA the EPR spectra are composed of two label populations, one contacting the protein and a second one due to label localization in the micelles. Evidence is also obtained for a competition of the surfactants with the spin labels for the high-affinity binding sites of the stearic acid spin labels as monitored by changes in the fractions of the two label populations as the surfactant concentration is increased. the effect of SDS seems to be stronger in the sense that increased SDS concentration leads to a complete transfer of spin labels from close protein contact sites to micelles, while for HPS, a significant immobilization of probe apparently remains even at higher surfactant concentrations. These two techniques are quite useful since SAXS monitors the overall proper-ties of the scattering particle, while EPR gives information on the dynamics inside this particle and associated with label localization and motion. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Language English
Date 2004-09-15
Published in Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. San Diego: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 277, n. 2, p. 471-482, 2004.
ISSN 0021-9797 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 471-482
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2004.04.065
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000223378900029
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/27939

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