Mood changes after maximal exercise testing in subjects with symptoms of exercise dependence

Mood changes after maximal exercise testing in subjects with symptoms of exercise dependence

Autor Rosa, D. A. Google Scholar
De Mello, M. T. Google Scholar
Negrao, A. B. Google Scholar
De Souza-Formigoni, MLO Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Considering exercise has positive and negative reinforcing properties, the mood states of sedentary, nonexercise-dependent and exercise-dependent volunteers were compared after maximal exercise testing. Mood status was evaluated by the Beck Depression Inventory, Trait-State Anxiety Inventory, and Profile of Mood States (POMS). No differences were detected before the test or after it, indicating little possibility of positive reinforcement. However, a significant reduction in the POMS Tension-Anxiety scores was observed in both exerciser groups (greater in the exercise-dependent group) but not in the sedentary group. Only in the exercise-dependent group were significant reductions in Anger and Total Mood Disorders scores observed compared with their pre-exercise scores. These data suggest that exercising has stronger negative reinforcement properties for exercise-dependent volunteers and is a factor which could increase the odds of their becoming dependent on exercise.
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2004-08-01
Publicado em Perceptual and Motor Skills. Missoula: Perceptual Motor Skills, v. 99, n. 1, p. 341-353, 2004.
ISSN 0031-5125 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Perceptual Motor Skills
Extensão 341-353
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000223440000041
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