Mood changes after maximal exercise testing in subjects with symptoms of exercise dependence

Mood changes after maximal exercise testing in subjects with symptoms of exercise dependence

Author Rosa, D. A. Google Scholar
De Mello, M. T. Google Scholar
Negrao, A. B. Google Scholar
De Souza-Formigoni, MLO Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract Considering exercise has positive and negative reinforcing properties, the mood states of sedentary, nonexercise-dependent and exercise-dependent volunteers were compared after maximal exercise testing. Mood status was evaluated by the Beck Depression Inventory, Trait-State Anxiety Inventory, and Profile of Mood States (POMS). No differences were detected before the test or after it, indicating little possibility of positive reinforcement. However, a significant reduction in the POMS Tension-Anxiety scores was observed in both exerciser groups (greater in the exercise-dependent group) but not in the sedentary group. Only in the exercise-dependent group were significant reductions in Anger and Total Mood Disorders scores observed compared with their pre-exercise scores. These data suggest that exercising has stronger negative reinforcement properties for exercise-dependent volunteers and is a factor which could increase the odds of their becoming dependent on exercise.
Language English
Date 2004-08-01
Published in Perceptual and Motor Skills. Missoula: Perceptual Motor Skills, v. 99, n. 1, p. 341-353, 2004.
ISSN 0031-5125 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Perceptual Motor Skills
Extent 341-353
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.2466/pms.99.1.341-353
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000223440000041
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/27878

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