Alternatives to amphotericin B for Candida rugosa infection

Alternatives to amphotericin B for Candida rugosa infection

Autor Hernandez, S. Google Scholar
Gonzalez, G. M. Google Scholar
McCarthy, D. I. Google Scholar
Colombo, Arnaldo Lopes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Najvar, L. K. Google Scholar
Bocanegera, R. Google Scholar
Graybill, JR Google Scholar
Instituição Univ Texas
Univ Autonoma Nuevo Leon
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Objective: Amphotericin B failure is frequently seen in patients with candidaemia caused by Candida rugosa. We evaluated amphotericin 13, fluconazole, posaconazole and voriconazole as alternative treatments against infection in mice with two isolates of C. rugosa.Methods: Neutropenic mice were inoculated intravenously with C. rugosa. Amphotericin 13, fluconazole, posaconazole and voriconazole were administered for 7 days after infection. Efficacy of the antifungal treatment was assessed by survival and tissue burden of C. rugosa.Results: All of the four drugs significantly prolonged survival over controls. With both isolates, kidney counts were reduced significantly below controls for amphotericin B, fluconazole and posaconazole. However, voriconazole was less effective than the other antifungals.Conclusion: Despite poor clinical response to amphotericin B, in vivo data indicate that amphotericin B increases organ clearance and survival over untreated controls. However, although voriconazole improved survival over controls, increased tissue clearance was not seen. This discrepancy may be caused by rapid clearance of voriconazole in mice. These studies suggest fluconazole, posaconazole or voriconazole may be useful alternatives to amphotericin B in therapy of C. rugosa infection.
Assunto murine model
C. rugosa
Idioma Inglês
Data 2004-08-01
Publicado em Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. Oxford: Oxford Univ Press, v. 54, n. 2, p. 477-480, 2004.
ISSN 0305-7453 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Oxford Univ Press
Extensão 477-480
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000223372100030

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