Thin-section CT abnormalities and pulmonary gas exchange impairment in workers exposed to asbestos

Thin-section CT abnormalities and pulmonary gas exchange impairment in workers exposed to asbestos

Autor Sette, Andrea Google Scholar
Neder, Jose Alberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nery, Luiz Eduardo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Kavakama, Jorge Google Scholar
Rodrigues, Reinaldo T. Google Scholar
Terra-Filho, Mario Google Scholar
Guimaraes, Sandra Google Scholar
Bagatin, Ericson Google Scholar
Muller, Nestor Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Vancouver Gen Hosp
Resumo PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between abnormalities at thin-section computed tomography (CT) and indexes of pulmonary gas exchange impairment at rest and during moderate exercise in workers exposed to asbestos.MATERIALS and METHODS: Eighty-two workers with long-term exposure to asbestos and abnormal thin-section CT findings underwent respiratory physiologic measurements at rest (lung diffusing capacity, DLCO) and during exercise (oxygen uptake-corrected alveolar-arterial pressure difference for oxygen, DeltaP[A-a]O-2/VO2). CT results were compared with physiologic measurements of impairment in gas exchange (DLCO < 70% predicted value and/or DeltaP[A-a]O-2/VO2 > 20 mm Hg (.) L (.) min(-1)). the CT findings were divided into five categories by using a previously described method. Odds ratios and 95% Cls for gas exchange defects were calculated for patients grouped according to CT findings. Logistic regression analysis was performed with gas exchange as the dependent response and CT abnormalities as independent variables.RESULTS: A significant association was found between extent of disease at CT and impairment of gas exchange (P <.01). Probability of functional impairment was increased with multifocal (class 11) and diffuse (class 111) CT abnormalities, particularly when several lesion types were found concomitantly. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated significant association of parenchymal bands (odds ratio, 6.20; 95% Cl: 1.99, 19.22) and subpleural nodules (odds ratio, 3.83; 95% Cl: 1.23,11.89) with functional impairment. Presence and number of pleural plaques did not improve model accuracy for gas exchange impairment prediction (P > .05).CONCLUSION: Thin-section CT grading of interstitial lung disease is useful in assessing the likelihood of pulmonary gas exchange impairment at rest (DLCO) and during exercise (DeltaP[A-a]O-2/VO2) in workers with long-term asbestos exposure.
Palavra-chave asbestos
computed tomography (CT), thinsection
lung, function
pneumoconiosis
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2004-07-01
Publicado em Radiology. Oak Brook: Radiological Soc North America, v. 232, n. 1, p. 66-74, 2004.
ISSN 0033-8419 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Radiological Soc North America
Extensão 66-74
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1148/radiol.2321030392
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000222161300008
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/27809

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