N-domain angiotensin I-converting enzyme expression in renal artery of Wistar, Wistar Kyoto, and spontaneously hypertensive rats

N-domain angiotensin I-converting enzyme expression in renal artery of Wistar, Wistar Kyoto, and spontaneously hypertensive rats

Author Bueno, V Google Scholar
Palos, M. Google Scholar
Ronchi, F. A. Google Scholar
Andrade, MCC Google Scholar
Ginoza, M. Google Scholar
Casarini, D. E. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract One of the most intriguing features in kidney transplantation is the finding that kidneys from hypertensive rats can transfer arterial hypertension on transplantation into normotensive rats. Some evidence also suggest that, in humans undergoing renal transplantation, the genotype of the donor kidney determines the blood pressure in the recipient. the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is the major etiological candidate in hypertension because it plays an important role in the control of cardiovascular homeostasis. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) cleaves the C-terminal from angiotensin I as well as from bradykinin. Thus, by generating the potent vasoconstrictor angiotensin II and by degrading the vasodepressor bradykinin, ACE is considered to play a role in blood pressure regulation. We have previously described the presence of N-domain ACE in urine of Wistar (W), Wistar Kyoto (WKY), and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), all of which can hydrolyze the vasodilator peptide Angiotensin 1-7 and also the N-Acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro, two peptides described as specific for N-domain ACE. These findings suggest that the 90 kd ACE isoform found in urine and in tissues of SHR is a possible genetic marker of hypertension. Based on the fact that the renal artery has an important role in the control of renal blood flow, we evaluated the presence of N-domain ACE in the renal artery of hypertensive and normotensive rats. Using Western blotting techniques on the renal arteries of W and WKY rats, we detected the 190-kd ACE (similar to somatic ACE) and also the 65-kd ACE previously described in urine and renal tissue as N-domain ACE. the 65-kd and 90-kd isoforms of ACE were also detected in renal arteries in SHR rats. Further studies are required to understand the role of 90-kd enzyme described as a possible local marker of hypertension, its contribution in angiotensin catabolism, and whether this abnormal form of the enzyme has any link with the development and transfer of hypertension after transplantation.
Language English
Date 2004-05-01
Published in Transplantation Proceedings. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 36, n. 4, p. 1001-1003, 2004.
ISSN 0041-1345 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier B.V.
Extent 1001-1003
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.transproceed.2004.03.081
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000222063800073
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/27747

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