Solanum paniculatum L. (Jurubeba): Potent inhibitor of gastric acid secretion in mice

Solanum paniculatum L. (Jurubeba): Potent inhibitor of gastric acid secretion in mice

Autor Mesia-Vela, S. Google Scholar
Santos, M. T. Google Scholar
Souccar, C. Google Scholar
Lima-Landman, MTR Google Scholar
Lapa, A. J. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Solanum paniculatum L. is used commonly in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of liver and gastrointestinal disorders. the freeze-dried aqueous extracts (WEs) obtained from distinct parts of the plant (flowers, fruits, leaves, stems and roots) were tested to determine their antiulcer and antisecretory gastric acid activities using mice. the aqueous extracts of roots, stems and flowers inhibited gastric acid secretion in pylorus-ligated mice with ED50 values of 418, 777 and 820 mg/kg body wt. (i.d.), respectively. Extracts of leaves (0.5-2 g/kg body wt., Ld) did not affect gastric secretion, whereas fruit extracts (0.5-2 g/kg body wt., U) stimulated gastric acid secretion. the stimulatory effect of the fruit extract was inhibited by pretreatment with atropine (5 mg/kg body wt., i.m.) but not with ranitidine (80 mg/kg body wt., i.p.) suggesting that the fruit extract activates the muscarinic pathway of gastric acid secretion. in contrast, administration of the root extract into the duodenal lumen inhibited histamine- and bethanechol-induced gastric secretion in pylorus-ligated mice. in addition, the aqueous extract of roots (ED50 value, 1.2 g/kg body wt., p.o.) protected the animals against production of gastric lesions subsequent to the hypersecretion induced in mice by stress following cold restraint. This effect was not reproduced when the lesions were induced by blockade of prostaglandins synthesis via subcutaneous injection of indomethacin. Thus, antiulcer activity of the plant extracts appears to be related directly to a potent anti-secretory activity. No toxic signs were observed following administration of different extracts up to 2 g/kg body wt., p.o. Collectively, the results validate folk use of Solanum paniculatum L. plant to treat gastric disorders.
Assunto Solanum paniculatum
medicinal plant
gastric acid secretion
pylorus ligature
Idioma Inglês
Data 2002-09-01
Publicado em Phytomedicine. Jena: Urban & Fischer Verlag, v. 9, n. 6, p. 508-514, 2002.
ISSN 0944-7113 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Urban & Fischer Verlag
Extensão 508-514
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000178848000004

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