Air pollution and emergency room visits due to chronic lower respiratory diseases in the elderly: An ecological time-series study in São Paulo, Brazil

Air pollution and emergency room visits due to chronic lower respiratory diseases in the elderly: An ecological time-series study in São Paulo, Brazil

Autor Martins, L. C. Google Scholar
Latorre, MDDD Google Scholar
Saldiva, PHD Google Scholar
Braga, ALF Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Dept Pathol
Resumo The objective of this study was to investigate the affect of daily air pollution levels (carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, sulfur dioxide, and particulate matter with an aerodynamic profile less than or equal to 10 mum) on morbidity by using the daily number of emergency room visits due to chronic lower respiratory disease (CLRD) in people older than 64 years of age in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, from 1996 to 1998. Generalized additive Poisson regression models adjusted for long-time trend and weather (nonparametric,functions), weekdays (dummy variable), and daily number of nonrespiratory admissions were adopted. Ozone and sulfur dioxide were the pollutants statistically associated with CLRD visits. Interquartile range increases in the 6-day moving average of sulfur dioxide (11.82 mug/m(3)) and in the 4-day moving average of ozone(35.87 mug/m(3)) increased CLRD emergency room visits in 18% and 14%, respectively. These results reinforce the idea that air pollution may promote adverse health effects in the elderly.
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2002-07-01
Publicado em Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 44, n. 7, p. 622-627, 2002.
ISSN 1076-2752 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Extensão 622-627
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.jom.0000023250.57933.f2
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000176845300006
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/26925

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