Contemporary assessment of antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods for polymyxin B and colistin: Review of available interpretative criteria and quality control guidelines

Contemporary assessment of antimicrobial susceptibility testing methods for polymyxin B and colistin: Review of available interpretative criteria and quality control guidelines

Author Gales, Ana C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Reis, Adriana O. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Jones, Ronald N. Google Scholar
Institution Univ Iowa
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract The emergence of infections caused by multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. has necessitated the search for alternative parenteral agents such as the polymyxins. the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) documents do not currently provide interpretative criteria for the testing of the polymyxins, colistin and polymyxin B. Therefore, an evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of colistin and polymyxin B was initiated using 200 bloodstream infection pathogens collected through the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program. All susceptibility tests were performed according to the NCCLS recommendations. Polymyxin B and colistin displayed a nearly identical spectrum of activity, exhibiting excellent potency against P. aeruginosa (MIC90, 2 mug/ml) and Acinetobacter sp, (MIC90, 2 mug/ml). in contrast, they showed limited activity against some other nonfermentative bacilli such as Burkholderia cepacia (MIC90, greater than or equal to 128 mug/ml). Excellent correlation was achieved between broth microdilution and agar dilution tests (r = 0.96 to 0.98); 94.3% of the results were +/-1 log(2) dilution between the methods used for both compounds. At a resistance breakpoint of greater than or equal to4 mug/ml for both agents, unacceptable false-susceptible or very major errors were noted for colistin (5%) and polymyxin B (6%). Modified zone criteria for colistin (less than or equal to 11 and greater than or equal to 14 mm) and polymyxin B (less than or equal to 10 and greater than or equal to 14 mm) were suggested, but some degree of error persisted (greater than or equal to3.5%). It is recommended that all susceptible disk diffusion results be confirmed by MIC tests using the preferred reference NCCLS method. the quality control (QC) ranges listed in the product package insert require an adjusted range by approximately 3 mm for both NCCLS gram-negative quality control strains. This evaluation of in vitro susceptibility test methods for the polymyxin class drugs confirmed continued serious testing error with the disk diffusion method, the possible need for breakpoint adjustments, and the recalculation of disk diffusion QC ranges. Clinical laboratories should exclusively use MIC methods to assist the therapeutic application of colistin or polymyxin B until disk diffusion test modifications are sanctioned and published by the NCCLS.
Language English
Date 2001-01-01
Published in Journal of Clinical Microbiology. Washington: Amer Soc Microbiology, v. 39, n. 1, p. 183-190, 2001.
ISSN 0095-1137 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Amer Soc Microbiology
Extent 183-190
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.39.1.183-190.2001
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000166468900030
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/26438

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