Do respiratory epidemics confound the association between air pollution and daily deaths?

Do respiratory epidemics confound the association between air pollution and daily deaths?

Autor Braga, ALF Google Scholar
Zanobetti, A. Google Scholar
Schwartz, J. Google Scholar
Instituição Harvard Univ
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Resumo Daily deaths are associated with air pollution. This association might be confounded by uncontrolled risk factors. in order to estimate the potential confounding caused by respiratory epidemics of the association between air pollution and health effects, a time series study of air pollution and daily deaths was carried out,Daily records of deaths for all ages were obtained from five US cities: Chicago, IL; Detroit, MI; Minneapolis, MN; Pittsburgh, PA; and Seattle, WA. Daily levels of particles with a 50% cut-off aerodynamic diameter of 10 mum (PM10) and weather measurements were obtained. City-specific analysis was carried out using Poisson regression, adjusting for time trend, ambient temperature, dew point, barometric pressure and day of the week. A cubic polynomial was used for each epidemic period (greater than or equal to 10 days of excessive pneumonia hospital admissions), and a dummy variable was used to control for isolated epidemic days,A 10-mug.m(-3) increase in PM10 concentration (lag 0-1) was associated with increased daily deaths in Chicago (0.81%, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.54-1.09); Detroit (0.87%, 95% CI 0.60-1.15), Minneapolis (1.34%, 95% CI 0.78-1.90),Pittsburgh (0.84%, 95% CI 0.51-1.18) and Seattle (0.52%, 95% CI 0.11-0.94). When controlling for respiratory epidemics, small decreases in the PM10 effect were observed (Chicago 9%, Detroit 11%, Minneapolis 3%, Pittsburgh 5%, and Seattle 15%). the overall effect of PM10 concentration was 0.85% (95% CI 0.60-1.10) per 10 mug.m(-3) before controlling for epidemics and 0.78% (95% CI 0.51-1.05) after.This study showed that the association between air pollution and daily deaths is not due to failure to control for influenza or pneumonia epidemics.
Palavra-chave air pollution
respiratory epidemics
time series
total mortality
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2000-10-01
Publicado em European Respiratory Journal. Sheffield: European Respiratory Soc Journals Ltd, v. 16, n. 4, p. 723-728, 2000.
ISSN 0903-1936 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador European Respiratory Soc Journals Ltd
Extensão 723-728
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000165332000026
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