HIV-risk behaviour among non-heroin using cocaine injectors and non-injectors in São Paulo, Brazil

HIV-risk behaviour among non-heroin using cocaine injectors and non-injectors in São Paulo, Brazil

Autor Dunn, J. Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Royal Free & UCL
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo The aim of this study was to investigate HIV-risk behaviour among cocaine users in relation to preferred route of administration and to relate this to reported HIV serostatus. Two hundred and ninety-four patients were interviewed in 15 different services that offer treatment, assistance or counselling to drug users and/or HIV-positive patients using a structured questionnaire that had been developed and piloted in Brazil. Ar the time of interview, lifetime use of snorted cocaine was 94%, of smoked crack 82% and of injected cocaine 32%. Twenty-eight per cent described themselves as HIV-positive, 32% as negative and 40% were unaware of their status. Non-injectors tended to be younger, had used fewer substances, had spent less time using cocaine, were less likely to have had sex with other drug users or to have been tested for HIV. Non-injectors had high levels of contact with injectors. Those reporting a positive HIV result were older, had used more classes of drugs, had used cocaine far longer and were more likely to have injected and participated ill at-risk behaviours. the findings are discussed in terms of policy changes that may be necessary to reduce the high level of risk behaviour among Brazilian cocaine users.
Idioma Inglês
Data 2000-08-01
Publicado em Aids Care-psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of Aids/hiv. Abingdon: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 12, n. 4, p. 471-481, 2000.
ISSN 0954-0121 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
Extensão 471-481
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000088937000011

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