Improvement of children's nutritional status after enteral feeding by PEG: an interim report

Improvement of children's nutritional status after enteral feeding by PEG: an interim report

Autor Brant, C. Q. Google Scholar
Stanich, P. Google Scholar
Ferrari, A. P. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Associacao Assistencia Crianca Defeituosa
Resumo Background: Enteral feeding by percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is indicated as long-term nutritional support for children with neurologic impairment and dysphagia. We report our experience with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and evaluate the age range of children with cerebral palsy who benefit most with weight and height gain.Methods: in a prospective study, from August 1996 to August 1997, 20 endoscopic gastrostomies were performed in 20 children diagnosed with cerebral palsy (16), myopathy (2), and brain trauma (2). the mean age was 6.5 years and the mean follow-up 5.9 months. All patients had severe mental impairment and oropharyngeal dysphagia. They were followed up monthly on an outpatient basis by both the gastroenterologist and the dietitian, who assessed gastrostomy complications and performed anthropometric measurements.Results: All 20 patients benefited from enteral nutrition with a statistically significant gain in weight (p < 0.01), and there was a trend toward improved weight/height ratio in children under 4 years of age according to Z-score and mid-arm muscle area (p < 0.01). Triceps skinfold thickness failed to reach statistical significance. There were no immediate complications related to the procedure. Perforations occurred with three (15%) tubes, and the plugs for introduction of food had to be replaced after 4 months of use. All complications, namely formation of granulation tissue at the stoma (7), stoma infection (4), gastroesophageal reflux pneumonia (3), and pneumoperitoneum (1) were managed clinically.Conclusions: Endoscopic gastrostomy is a safe procedure for children. Enteral feeding resulted in a trend toward a normalized weight/height ratio for children with cerebral palsy younger than 4 years and significant weight gain in those older than 12 years.
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 1999-08-01
Publicado em Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. St Louis: Mosby-year Book Inc, v. 50, n. 2, p. 183-188, 1999.
ISSN 0016-5107 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Mosby-year Book Inc
Extensão 183-188
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5107(99)70222-1
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000081929400007
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/26123

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