Rotavirus subgroups, G serotypes, and electrophoretypes in cases of nosocomial infantile diarrhoea in Belem, Brazil

Rotavirus subgroups, G serotypes, and electrophoretypes in cases of nosocomial infantile diarrhoea in Belem, Brazil

Autor Gusmao, RHP Google Scholar
Mascarenhas, JDP Google Scholar
Gabbay, Y. B. Google Scholar
Lins-Lainson, Z. Google Scholar
Ramos, FLP Google Scholar
Monteiro, TAF Google Scholar
Valente, S. A. Google Scholar
Fagundes-Neto, U. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Linhares, A. C. Google Scholar
Instituição Inst Evandro Chagas
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo From November 1992 to November 1994 stool samples were obtained from 237 children admitted to a public hospital in Belem. Rotaviruses were detected in 19.3 per cent (60/310) of faecal samples. of these, 32.1 per cent (18/56), 20.9 per cent (38/181), and 5.4 per cent (4/73) were recorded in cases of nosocomial diarrhoea, community-acquired diarrhoea, and controls, respectively. Fifty-two (86.7 per cent) of the 60 rotavirus-positive specimens were subgrouped and the G serotypes of 55 (91.7 per cent) of them were determined. Subgroups I and II were detected in 50 per cent each of the 52 subgrouped strains. G type 2 was present in 46 (83.6 per cent) of the 55 serotyped samples; serotypes G1 and (mixed) G1 and G4 were found in 14.5 per cent and 1.8 per cent, respectively, of these specimens. Viral RNA electrophoresis showed 14 distinct patterns, including 56.7 per cent (34/60) and 43.3 per cent (26/60) of long and short profiles, respectively. in 40 (66.6 per cent) of the 60 rotavirus-positive faecal samples no enteropathogens other than rotavirus were detected. There was an increased incidence of rotavirus infection from July 1993 to February 1994, the rotavirus-related episodes of diarrhoea were more severe than those of other aetiology and greater clinical severity was not related to a specific G type, subgroup, or electrophoretype.
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 1999-04-01
Publicado em Journal of Tropical Pediatrics. Oxford: Oxford Univ Press, v. 45, n. 2, p. 81-86, 1999.
ISSN 0142-6338 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Oxford Univ Press
Extensão 81-86
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/tropej/45.2.81
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000080307100005
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/26049

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