Pulse oximetry in the evaluation of the severity of acute asthma and or wheezing in children

Pulse oximetry in the evaluation of the severity of acute asthma and or wheezing in children

Author Sole, D. Google Scholar
Komatsu, M. K. Google Scholar
Carvalho, KVT Google Scholar
Naspitz, C. K. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Abstract We evaluated 174 children with acute asthma and/or wheezing attending two different settings, the allergy clinic (AC) and the emergency room (ER), and compared clinical symptoms and spirometric findings with arterial oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (SpO(2)). Seventy-four children (4 months to 15 years old) seen at the AC and 100 children (2 months to 14 years old) seen at the ER for the treatment of acute asthma and/or wheezing were evaluated and a clinical score was attributed on the basis of their symptoms. in addition, the heart rate (HR) was recorded and SpO(2) was measured. Among the children seen at the AC, 58 were able to perform pulmonary function tests, and the forced respiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) and forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of the forced vital capacity (FEF25-75) were determined. Children from both groups underwent treatment with a nebulized beta(2)-agonist (Fenoterol 0.5% solution, 0.08 mg/kg/dose, maximum 2.5 mg) and were re-evaluated after 30 min. Our results showed a significant correlation between decrease in clinical scores and increase of SpO(2) following treatment with bronchodilator in both groups of children. SpO(2) levels correlated positively with FEV1 and FEF25-75 values, and negatively with clinical scores and heart rate. the data revealed that a clinical score greater than 3 and an SpO(2) < 94% were associated with increased severity of the asthma attack. in addition, SpO(2) levels less than or equal to 92% were associated with a 6.3-fold greater relative risk for requiring additional treatment. We concluded that determination of oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry is helpful in monitoring the severity of an acute exacerbation of asthma and/or wheezing, and has a prognostic value.
Keywords asthma
acute attack
children
pulse oximetry
oxygen
hypoxia
adolescents
Language English
Date 1999-01-01
Published in Journal of Asthma. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc, v. 36, n. 4, p. 327-333, 1999.
ISSN 0277-0903 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Marcel Dekker Inc
Extent 327-333
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02770909909068225
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000080974000003
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/26024

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