Pulse oximetry in the evaluation of the severity of acute asthma and or wheezing in children

Pulse oximetry in the evaluation of the severity of acute asthma and or wheezing in children

Autor Sole, D. Google Scholar
Komatsu, M. K. Google Scholar
Carvalho, KVT Google Scholar
Naspitz, C. K. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo We evaluated 174 children with acute asthma and/or wheezing attending two different settings, the allergy clinic (AC) and the emergency room (ER), and compared clinical symptoms and spirometric findings with arterial oxygen saturation as measured by pulse oximetry (SpO(2)). Seventy-four children (4 months to 15 years old) seen at the AC and 100 children (2 months to 14 years old) seen at the ER for the treatment of acute asthma and/or wheezing were evaluated and a clinical score was attributed on the basis of their symptoms. in addition, the heart rate (HR) was recorded and SpO(2) was measured. Among the children seen at the AC, 58 were able to perform pulmonary function tests, and the forced respiratory volume in 1 sec (FEV1) and forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75% of the forced vital capacity (FEF25-75) were determined. Children from both groups underwent treatment with a nebulized beta(2)-agonist (Fenoterol 0.5% solution, 0.08 mg/kg/dose, maximum 2.5 mg) and were re-evaluated after 30 min. Our results showed a significant correlation between decrease in clinical scores and increase of SpO(2) following treatment with bronchodilator in both groups of children. SpO(2) levels correlated positively with FEV1 and FEF25-75 values, and negatively with clinical scores and heart rate. the data revealed that a clinical score greater than 3 and an SpO(2) < 94% were associated with increased severity of the asthma attack. in addition, SpO(2) levels less than or equal to 92% were associated with a 6.3-fold greater relative risk for requiring additional treatment. We concluded that determination of oxygen saturation by pulse oximetry is helpful in monitoring the severity of an acute exacerbation of asthma and/or wheezing, and has a prognostic value.
Assunto asthma
acute attack
children
pulse oximetry
oxygen
hypoxia
adolescents
Idioma Inglês
Data 1999-01-01
Publicado em Journal of Asthma. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc, v. 36, n. 4, p. 327-333, 1999.
ISSN 0277-0903 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Marcel Dekker Inc
Extensão 327-333
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/02770909909068225
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000080974000003
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/26024

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