Prevalence and characteristics of exercise-induced asthma in children

Prevalence and characteristics of exercise-induced asthma in children

Autor Sano, F. Google Scholar
Sole, D. Google Scholar
Naspitz, C. K. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo We have evaluated the prevalence and the characteristics of exercise-induced asthma (EIA) in a group of 71 patients with a prior history of mild, moderate or severe asthma (42 males and 29 females), aged 6-16 years-old. Measurements of the forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were obtained before and at regular intervals up to 8 hours following exercise. As a control, the same patients were evaluated at similar time intervals on another day when they had not been submitted to an exercise challenge. Using pre-exercise FEV1 values as the reference, 32 patients (45.1%) had a positive exercise challenge, defined as a fall in FEV1 value equal to or greater than 15% from baseline following exercise. Among the patients with a positive exercise challenge, the majority (23/32, 71.8%) had an immediate response alone, with no significant changes in FEV1 within the 8-hour follow-up. However, a subgroup of patients (9/32, 28.1%) had both an immediate and a late-phase response to exercise. During the control day, no significant fall in FEV1 were observed. in keeping with previous investigations, no correlation was found between a history of EIA and a positive exercise challenge in the present study. Positive exercise challenges were found more frequently among patients with moderate and severe asthma than patients with mild asthma.
Palavra-chave asthma
exercise-induced asthma
children
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 1998-11-01
Publicado em Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. Copenhagen: Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd, v. 9, n. 4, p. 181-185, 1998.
ISSN 0905-6157 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Munksgaard Int Publ Ltd
Extensão 181-185
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.1998.tb00370.x
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000078002500003
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/25975

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