Net nitrogen mineralization and net nitrification rates in soils following deforestation for pasture across the southwestern Brazilian Amazon Basin landscape

Net nitrogen mineralization and net nitrification rates in soils following deforestation for pasture across the southwestern Brazilian Amazon Basin landscape

Autor Neill, C. Google Scholar
Piccolo, M. C. Google Scholar
Cerri, C. C. Google Scholar
Steudler, P. A. Google Scholar
Melillo, J. M. Google Scholar
Brito, M. Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Previous studies of the effect of tropical forest conversion to cattle pasture on soil N dynamics showed that rates of net N mineralization and net nitrification were lower in pastures compared with the original forest. in this study, we sought to determine the generality of these patterns by examining soil inorganic N concentrations, net mineralization and nitrification rates in 6 forests and 11 pastures 3 years old or older on ultisols and oxisols that encompassed a wide variety of soil textures and spanned a 700-km geographical range in the southwestern Brazilian Amazon Basin state of Rondonia, We sampled each site during October-November and April-May. Forest soils had higher extractable NO3--N and total inorganic N concentrations than pasture soils, but substantial NO3--N occurred in both forest and pasture soils. Rates of net N mineralization and net nitrification were higher in forest soils. Greater concentrations of soil organic matter in finer textured soils were associated with greater rates of net N mineralization and net nitrification, but this relationship was true only under native forest vegetation; rates were uniformly low in pastures, regardless of soil type or texture. Net N mineralization and net nitrification rates per unit of total soil organic matter showed no pattern across the different forest sites, suggesting that controls of net N mineralization may be broadly similar across a wide range of soil types. Similar reductions in rates of net N transformations in pastures 3 years old or older across a range of textures on these soils suggest that changes to soil N cycling caused by deforestation for pasture may be Basin-wide in extent. Lower net N mineralization and net nitrification rates in established pastures suggest that annual N losses from largely deforested landscapes may be lower than losses from the original forest. Total ecosystem N losses since deforestation are likely to depend on the balance between lower N loss rates from established pastures and the magnitude and duration of N losses that occur in the years immediately following forest clearing.
Palavra-chave Brazilian Amazon
tropical forest
tropical pasture
nitrification
nitrogen mineralization
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 1997-04-01
Publicado em Oecologia. New York: Springer Verlag, v. 110, n. 2, p. 243-252, 1997.
ISSN 0029-8549 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Springer
Extensão 243-252
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004420050157
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:A1997WW15700014
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/25709

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