Human psychopharmacology of hoasca, a plant hallucinogen used in ritual context in Brazil

Human psychopharmacology of hoasca, a plant hallucinogen used in ritual context in Brazil

Autor Grob, C. S. Google Scholar
McKenna, D. J. Google Scholar
Callaway, J. C. Google Scholar
Brito, G. S. Google Scholar
Neves, E. S. Google Scholar
Oberlaender, G. Google Scholar
Saide, O. L. Google Scholar
Labigalini, E. Google Scholar
Tacla, C. Google Scholar
Miranda, C. T. Google Scholar
Strassman, R. J. Google Scholar
Boone, K. B. Google Scholar
Instituição BOT DIMENS
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo A multinational, collaborative, biomedical investigation of the effects of hoasca (ayahuasca), a potent concoction of plant hallucinogens, was conducted in the Brazilian Amazon during the summer of 1993. This report describes the psychological assessment of 15 long-term members of a syncretic church that utilizes hoasca as a legal, psychoactive sacrament as well as 15 matched controls with no prior history of hoasca ingestion. Measures administered to both groups included structured psychiatric diagnostic interviews, personality testing, and neuropsychological evaluation. Phenomenological assessment of the altered state experience as well as semistructured and open-ended Life story interviews were conducted with the long-term use hoasca group, but not the hoasca-naive control group. Salient findings included the remission of psychopathology following the initiation of hoasca use along with no evidence of personality or cognitive deterioration. Overall assessment revealed high functional status. Implications of this unusual phenomenon and need for further investigation are discussed.
Idioma Inglês
Data 1996-02-01
Publicado em Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, v. 184, n. 2, p. 86-94, 1996.
ISSN 0022-3018 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Editor Williams & Wilkins
Extensão 86-94
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:A1996TZ00200004

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