HIGH-INTENSITY EXERCISE DURING PREGNANCY of RATS - EFFECTS ON MOTHER and OFFSPRING

HIGH-INTENSITY EXERCISE DURING PREGNANCY of RATS - EFFECTS ON MOTHER and OFFSPRING

Autor Denadai, B. S. Google Scholar
Piçarro, Ivan da Cruz Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Madjian, S. Google Scholar
Bergamaschi, C. T. Google Scholar
Santos, V. C. Google Scholar
Dasilva, A. C. Google Scholar
Russo, Adriana Kowalesky Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo We see in this study the effect of high intensity exercise (90% VO2 max) in pregnant rats and their offspring depending on the length of pregnancy. the findings were compared with those obtained for sedentary pregnant rats and non-pregnant rats for similar exercise. This allowed for analysing the isolated effects of exercise (against the sedentary non-pregnant rat control group), of pregnancy and of the interaction between the two factors. for checking the effect of the length of pregnancy, each group of rats was subdivided into those with pregnancy terminated or sacrificed on the seventh, fourteenth or twentieth day of the experiment. VO2 max, post-exertion blood lactic acid level, body weight gain, food intake, feed efficiency, glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, total protein and albumin plasmatic concentrations in adult rats, and weight and number of offspring of pregnant rats were determined. Pregnancy increased weight gain and feed efficiency from the first week of the study, accompanied by a greater food intake (from the twelfth day). in the group of pregnant rats subjected to exercise, there was a reduction in weight gain percentage and feed efficiency in the first and third weeks, staying the same in the second week. A greater food intake during the period accompanied this recovery in the second week. in the group of non-pregnant rats subjected to exercise, food intake did not vary. As the weight gain percentage was less in relation to the non-pregnant control group, feed efficiency decreased. Pregnancy induced a drop in blood sugar level starting in the second week, and the exercise performed during pregnancy did not change this behavior. Pregnancy produced, however, an increase in plasmatic concentration of triglycerides and total cholesterol during the third week of pregnancy. Exercise performed by pregnant rats also did not change this behavior, but the increase observed in the third week was less. Exercise performed by non-pregnant rats did not change the blood sugar level and plasmatic concentration of triglycerides and total cholesterol during the entire experiment. Plasmatic concentration of total proteins and albumin showed a drop in the third week of pregnancy, probably due to high fetal use of proteins in this stage. Exercise performed by the pregnant group caused a lower protein drop in the third week, and in the non-pregnant group, determined an increase in plasmatic protein concentrations. the weight of the offspring of mother rats exercised until the end of the second and third weeks of pregnancy was found to be reduced in relation to the sedentary pregnant group. the group exercised until the third week showed a reduction in the number of offspring, indicating a possible fetal reabsorption. These findings confirmed that high intensity exercise can produce deleterious effects on the mother and fetus, especially when applied up to the last stage of pregnancy.
Palavra-chave HIGH INTENSITY EXERCISE
PREGNANT RATS
OFFSPRING
BODY WEIGHT GAIN
FOOD INTAKE
GLUCOSE and PREGNANCY
TRIGLYCERIDES and PREGNANCY
CHOLESTEROL and PREGNANCY
PROTEIN and PREGNANCY
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 1994-11-01
Publicado em Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A-physiology. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 109, n. 3, p. 727-740, 1994.
ISSN 0300-9629 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Elsevier B.V.
Extensão 727-740
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0300-9629(94)90216-X
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:A1994PR86500025
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/25441

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