MYCOFLORA of the TOXIC FEEDS ASSOCIATED WITH EQUINE LEUKOENCEPHALOMALACIA (ELEM) OUTBREAKS in BRAZIL

MYCOFLORA of the TOXIC FEEDS ASSOCIATED WITH EQUINE LEUKOENCEPHALOMALACIA (ELEM) OUTBREAKS in BRAZIL

Author Meireles, MCA Google Scholar
Correa, B. Google Scholar
Fischman, O. Google Scholar
Gambale, W. Google Scholar
Paula, C. R. Google Scholar
Chaconreche, N. O. Google Scholar
Pozzi, C. R. Google Scholar
Institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
UNIV FED PELOTAS
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
SECRETARIA AGR ESTADO São Paulo
Abstract The mycoflora of 39 feed samples associated with 29 Equine Leukoencephalomalacia (ELEM) outbreaks was studied from 1988 to 1990, in Brazil. Microbiological examination indicated Fusarium spp. as the most frequent mold which occurred in 97.4% of samples followed by Penicillium spp. in 61.5% and Aspergillus spp. in 35.9%. the moisture content of feed implicated in death of horses was above 15% which can favor the development of Fusarium spp. From the genus. F. moniliforme was the predominant species with an occurrence of 82.0%. Two additional species, not commonly associated with animal toxicosis, were isolated in low frequency, F. proliferatum (12.8%) and F. suhglutinans (2.6%). It is important to emphasize that the isolation of F. proliferatum and F. subglutinans from feed obtained from the epizootic areas has not been documented previously in Brazil.
Keywords EQUINE
FEEDS
FUSARIUM PROLIFERATUM
FUSARIUM SUBGLUTINANS
LEUKOENCEPHALOMALACIA
MYCOFLORA
Language English
Date 1994-09-01
Published in Mycopathologia. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publ, v. 127, n. 3, p. 183-188, 1994.
ISSN 0301-486X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Kluwer Academic Publ
Extent 183-188
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01102919
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:A1994PU49500009
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/25429

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