MENTAL-ILLNESS in A CROSS-NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE - RESULTS FROM A BRAZILIAN and A GERMAN COMMUNITY SURVEY AMONG the ELDERLY

MENTAL-ILLNESS in A CROSS-NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE - RESULTS FROM A BRAZILIAN and A GERMAN COMMUNITY SURVEY AMONG the ELDERLY

Autor Blay, S. L. Google Scholar
Bickel, H. Google Scholar
Cooper, B. Google Scholar
Instituição CENT INST MENTAL HLTH
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo Findings for unselected samples of the elderly iii two urban populations - one in Mannheim, Germany (n = 418) and the other in São Paulo, Brazil (n = 111)-are compared and contrasted. Each study was restricted to persons aged over 65 years living in private households, and each employed a single-stage method of psychiatric case-identification, based on the Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS). Apart from marked differences in educational standards and proportions living alone the two samples were broadly similar in their recorded socio-demographic characteristics. Comparison revealed no significant difference in total prevalence, though there was a trend towards a higher case-frequency in São Paulo (29.7 %) than in Mannheim (23.3 %). the clinical-item profiles for the two samples indicated a higher rate of symptom reporting in São Paulo, whereas the Mannheim sample had higher mean scores for a number of psychiatric abnormalities observed at interview. Separate cluster analyses carried out on the two data sets divided the samples into four pairs of sub-groups with similar clinical profiles, which were designated respectively as 'organic', 'depressive', 'neurotic' and 'normal'. While a more careful standardization of method would probably reduce the observed disparities between the samples, some of these are thought to be real and to relate to sociocultural differences, as well as to the greater stresses of daily life in São Paulo.
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 1991-01-01
Publicado em Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. New York: Springer Verlag, v. 26, n. 6, p. 245-251, 1991.
ISSN 0933-7954 (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Springer
Extensão 245-251
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00789215
Direito de acesso Acesso restrito
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:A1991GV93700001
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/25179

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