Neuromuscular activity of Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis snake venom in mouse nerve-muscle preparations

Neuromuscular activity of Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis snake venom in mouse nerve-muscle preparations

Autor Durigon, A. M. Google Scholar
Borja-Oliveira, Caroline Ribeiro de Google Scholar
Dal Belo, Cháriston André Google Scholar
Oshima-Franco, Yoko Google Scholar
Cogo, José Carlos Google Scholar
Lapa, Antonio José Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Souccar, Caden Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Rodrigues-Simioni, Lea Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)
Universidade do Vale do Paraíba Instituto de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo The pharmacological effects of Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis venom on mouse phrenic nerve-diaphragm (PND) preparations were studied. Venom (20 mug/ml) irreversibly inhibited indirectly evoked twitches in PND preparations (60 ± 10% inhibition, mean ± SEM; p<0.05; n=6). At 50 mug/ml, the venom blocked indirectly and directly (curarized preparations) evoked twitches in mouse hemidiaphragms. In the absence of Ca2+, venom (50 mug/ml), produced partial blockade only after an 80 min incubation, which reached 40.3 ± 7.8% (p<0.05; n=3) after 120 min. Venom (20 mug/ml) increased (25 ± 2%, p< 0.05) the frequency of giant miniature end-plate potentials in 9 of 10 end-plates after 30 min and the number of miniature end-plate potentials which was maximum (562 ± 3%, p<0.05) after 120 min. During the same period, the resting membrane potential decreased from - 81 ± 1.4 mV to - 41.3 ± 3.6 mV 24 fibers; p<0.01; n=4) in the end-plate region and from - 77.4 ± 1.4 to -44.6 ± 3.9 mV (24 fibers; p<0.01; n=4) in regions distant from the end-plate. These results indicate that B. n. pauloensis venom acts primarily at presynaptic sites. They also suggest that enzymatic activity may be involved in this pharmacological action.
Palavra-chave giant MEPPs
myotoxicity
neurotoxicity
presynaptic action
Idioma Inglês
Financiador Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
Data de publicação 2005-03-01
Publicado em Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases. Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, v. 11, n. 1, p. 22-33, 2005.
ISSN 1678-9199 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Centro de Estudos de Venenos e Animais Peçonhentos - CEVAP, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP
Extensão 22-33
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1678-91992005000100004
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S1678-91992005000100004 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/2440

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