Trends in drug use among students in Brazil: analysis of four surveys in 1987, 1989, 1993 and 1997

Trends in drug use among students in Brazil: analysis of four surveys in 1987, 1989, 1993 and 1997

Autor Galduróz, José Carlos Fernandes Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Noto, Ana Regina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Nappo, Solange Aparecida Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Carlini, Elisaldo Araujo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo The consumption of psychotropic drugs among Brazilian secondary school students was examined by comparing data from four surveys using a questionnaire adapted from the WHO's Program on Research and Reporting on the Epidemiology of Drug Dependence. Students filled out the form in their classrooms without the presence of teachers. The target population consisted of 10-18-year-old students (on average, 15,000 students responded to each survey) in Brazil's ten largest state capitals: Belém, Belo Horizonte, Brasília, Curitiba, Fortaleza, Porto Alegre, Recife, Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, and São Paulo. Among the legal drugs, lifetime use (use at least once during life) of tobacco was increased in seven cities (the exceptions were Brasília, Porto Alegre and Rio de Janeiro). There was also a significant increase in frequent use of alcohol (six times or more per month) in 6 of the cities, from an average of 9.2% in 1987 to 15.0% in 1997. With respect to illegal drugs, there was a significant increase in lifetime use of marijuana (a 3-fold increase from 2.8% in 1987 to 7.6% in 1997). Cocaine use increased 4-fold over the survey period (0.5% in 1987 to 2.0% in 1997). Lifetime use of cocaine significantly increased in eight capitals (except Recife and Rio de Janeiro). However, frequent cocaine use increased in only three capitals (Belém, Fortaleza and Porto Alegre), from an average of 1.0% in 1987 to 3.6% in 1997. Lifetime use of medications such as anxiolytics and amphetamines increased 2-fold on average over the survey period. Comparing the four studies, the main conclusion is that there were significant increases in the frequencies for lifetime use, frequent use and heavy use of many drugs.
Palavra-chave Students
Brazilian students
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2004-04-01
Publicado em Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 37, n. 4, p. 523-531, 2004.
ISSN 0100-879X (Sherpa/Romeo, fator de impacto)
Publicador Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Extensão 523-531
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
Web of Science WOS:000221046000009
SciELO S0100-879X2004000400009 (estatísticas na SciELO)
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