Hydration in soccer: a review

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dc.contributor.author Monteiro, Cristiano Ralo [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Guerra, Isabela
dc.contributor.author Barros, Turíbio Leite De [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-14T13:30:05Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-14T13:30:05Z
dc.date.issued 2003-08-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922003000400005
dc.identifier.citation Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte, v. 9, n. 4, p. 243-246, 2003.
dc.identifier.issn 1517-8692
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/1806
dc.description.abstract Hydration should be considered before, during and after the exercise. This review intends to approach the main points of hydration process in soccer. The replacement of fluids during exercise is proportional to some factors, such as: exercise intensity; climatic conditions; the athlete's acclimatization; the athlete's physical conditioning; physiologic individual characteristics and the player's biomechanics. Performance is improved when players ingest not only water but also carbohydrate. The rates that carbohydrate and water are absorbed by the organism are limited by the rates of gastric emptying and intestinal absorption. The composition of drinks offered to the players should be influenced by the relative importance of the need of supplying carbohydrates or water; it should be remembered that the depletion of carbohydrate can result in fatigue and decrease of performance, but it is not usually a life-threatening condition. The addition of carbohydrate in these drinks increases the concentrations of blood glucose, increases the use of external fuel through the increase of the glucose oxidation in the muscles and it spares muscle glycogen. So, the ingestion of carbohydrate before and during the exercise can delay the emergence of fatigue and increase the players' performance. Several tactics can be used to avoid dehydration, like hyperhydration before exercise and player's acclimatization. The ideal situation to restore the player's fluid losses is between the sessions of exercises. Since soccer is a sport with quite peculiar characteristics related to hydration, the players should be concerned and educated about the importance of fluid ingestion before, during and after the exercise. en
dc.format.extent 243-246
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte
dc.relation.ispartof Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject Soccer en
dc.subject Hydration en
dc.subject Carbohydrate en
dc.subject Performance en
dc.title Hydration in soccer: a review en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) Escola Paulista de Medicina
dc.description.affiliation Universidade de São Paulo Nutrição Humana Aplicada
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) Escola Paulista de Medicina Department of Physiology
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp UNIFESP, EPM, Department of Physiology
dc.identifier.file S1517-86922003000400005.pdf
dc.identifier.scielo S1517-86922003000400005
dc.identifier.doi 10.1590/S1517-86922003000400005
dc.description.source SciELO


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