Hydration in soccer: a review

Hydration in soccer: a review

Author Monteiro, Cristiano Ralo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Guerra, Isabela Google Scholar
Barros, Turíbio Leite De Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Abstract Hydration should be considered before, during and after the exercise. This review intends to approach the main points of hydration process in soccer. The replacement of fluids during exercise is proportional to some factors, such as: exercise intensity; climatic conditions; the athlete's acclimatization; the athlete's physical conditioning; physiologic individual characteristics and the player's biomechanics. Performance is improved when players ingest not only water but also carbohydrate. The rates that carbohydrate and water are absorbed by the organism are limited by the rates of gastric emptying and intestinal absorption. The composition of drinks offered to the players should be influenced by the relative importance of the need of supplying carbohydrates or water; it should be remembered that the depletion of carbohydrate can result in fatigue and decrease of performance, but it is not usually a life-threatening condition. The addition of carbohydrate in these drinks increases the concentrations of blood glucose, increases the use of external fuel through the increase of the glucose oxidation in the muscles and it spares muscle glycogen. So, the ingestion of carbohydrate before and during the exercise can delay the emergence of fatigue and increase the players' performance. Several tactics can be used to avoid dehydration, like hyperhydration before exercise and player's acclimatization. The ideal situation to restore the player's fluid losses is between the sessions of exercises. Since soccer is a sport with quite peculiar characteristics related to hydration, the players should be concerned and educated about the importance of fluid ingestion before, during and after the exercise.
Keywords Soccer
Hydration
Carbohydrate
Performance
Language English
Date 2003-08-01
Published in Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte. Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte, v. 9, n. 4, p. 243-246, 2003.
ISSN 1517-8692 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina do Exercício e do Esporte
Extent 243-246
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-86922003000400005
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S1517-86922003000400005 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/1806

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