Epidemiological profile of tuberculosis infection and disease among cocaine users admitted to hospitals of the Greater São Paulo city

Epidemiological profile of tuberculosis infection and disease among cocaine users admitted to hospitals of the Greater São Paulo city

Autor Ferreira Filho, Olavo Franco Google Scholar
Turchi, Marilia Dalva Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Castelo Filho, Adauto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Instituição Londrina State University
Federal University of Goiás
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Resumo OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and the risk factors for tuberculosis (TB) infection and disease among hospitalized cocaine users. METHOD: A cross-sectional study performed on a sample of 440 addicts over 18 years of age, admitted to hospitals of the metropolitan area of the Greater São Paulo city, whose clinical conditions allowed them to answer a standard questionnaire, and who agreed to participate in the study. The prevalence of TB infection was assessed through positive tuberculin testing (PPD), and of TB disease by the finding of M. tuberculosis in the sputum of patients with respiratory symptoms. RESULTS: Respiratory symptoms were present in 21% of the patients, the most frequent being weight loss and cough, which disappeared when cocaine use was discontinued. The general prevalence of TB infection was 28%. The prevalence of TB disease was 0.6%. The factors which were associated with positive PPD were: age, color/race, time spent in prison, and drug use in prison. CONCLUSION: No increased prevalence of TB infection and disease was found in these patients. Older addicts had a higher probability of having TB infection, and so had those who had been in prison.
Palavra-chave Tuberculosis
Inpatients
Cocaine-related disorders
Idioma Inglês
Data de publicação 2003-06-01
Publicado em Jornal de Pneumologia. Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia, v. 29, n. 3, p. 125-132, 2003.
ISSN 0102-3586 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publicador Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia
Extensão 125-132
Fonte http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-35862003000300003
Direito de acesso Acesso aberto Open Access
Tipo Artigo
SciELO S0102-35862003000300003 (estatísticas na SciELO)
Endereço permanente http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/1728

Exibir registro completo




Arquivo

Nome: S0102-35862003000300003.pdf
Tamanho: 363.6KB
Formato: PDF
Descrição:
Abrir arquivo

Este item está nas seguintes coleções

Buscar


Navegar

Minha conta